The next hypotheses finished the theoretical model:
1806 self-report questionnaires had been administered in 101 classrooms from additional and high schools in Cluj-Napoca, Romania, in November 2007. Approval to conduct the study had been acquired through the school that is local and through the principals of each and every college within the test. Moms and dads had been informed through the trained instructors plus the pupils’ permission had been additionally required for taking part in the study. Both online and offline, a special part was dedicated to issues related to online-offline dating although the questionnaire aimed to encompass a variety of activities and behaviors.
The Internet for 3 hours on a school day (Std on average, boys in our sample use. Deviation =1.856) and 5.44 hours for a week-end time
(Std. Deviation=3.311), while girls utilze the internet for 2.77 hours for a college time and 4.61 for a week-end day. Additionally, the teens have already been making use of the world wide web for 2.88 years on average (Std. Deviation=2.123). Nearly 1 / 2 of them work with a cam once they talk on IM, males being less selective than girls (girls utilize the webcam by having a few buddies, guys with practically anyone within their list – the huge difference is significant, r=. 143, p Teenagers’ Actions and Interactions Online in Central and Eastern Europe. Potentials and Empowerment, dangers and victimization. Cluj: Cluj University Press.
Com?a, M., Sandu, D., Toth, A., Voicu, M., & Voicu, O. (2006). Public Advice Barometer. Perceptions about Mass-Media. Bucharest: Open Society Foundation.
Couch, D., & Liamputtong, P. (2008). Internet dating and dating: the employment of the net to satisfy intimate partners. Qualitative Heath Research, 18, 268-280.
Daneback, K. (2006). Sexuality and love on the web. Unpublished dissertation that is doctoral Goteborg, Goteborg University.
Davis, C. M., & Bauserman, R. (1993). Contact with intimately explicit materials: a mindset modification viewpoint. Annual writeup on Intercourse analysis, 4, 121-209.
Davis, C. M., Hart, G., Bolding, G., Sherr, L., & Elford, J. (2006). E-Dating, HIV and identity prevention: Theorising sexualities, danger and network society. Sociology of wellness & disease, 28, 457-478.
Ellison, N., Heino, R., & Gibbs, J. (2006). Handling impressions online: Self-presentation processes within the on line dating environment. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 11 (2). Retrieved Mai 2, 2009, from http: //jcmc. Indiana.edu/vol11/issue2/ellison. Html
Finkelhor, D., Mitchell, K.J., & Wolak, J. (2000). On the web victimization: a study from the youth that is nation’s. Alexandria, VA: Nationwide Center for Missing & Exploited Kids.
Fleming, M.J., Greentree, S., Cocotti-Muller, D., Elias, K.A., & Morrison, S. (2006). Security on the internet: Adolescents’ exposure and safety on line. Youth & Community, 38, 135-154.
Gibbs, J.L., Ellison, N.B., & Heino, R.D. (2006). Self-presentation in online personals: The role of expected future interaction, self-disclosure, and sensed success in internet relationship. Correspondence Research, 33, 152-177.
Goodstein, A. (2007). Completely Wired: What Teens and Tweens Are Actually Doing On The Web. Ny: Saint Martin’s Griffin.
Groof, S. De (2008). And my mama said…The (general) parental influence on concern about criminal activity among adolescent girls and boys. Youth & Community, 39, 267-293.
Gross, E. F., Juvonen, J., & Gable, S. L. (2002). Internet well-being and use in adolescence. Journal of Social problems, 58, 75-90.
Harter, S. (1985). Competence as being a dimension of self-evaluation: Toward an extensive style of self-worth. In R.E. Leahy (Ed. ), the growth regarding the personal (pp. 55-121). Orlando, FL: Academic Press.
Heim, J., Brandtz?g, P.B., Kaare, B.H., Endestad, T., & Torgersen, L. (2007). Children’s use of news technologies and factors that are psychosocial. Brand New Media & Community, 9, 425-454.
Hodkinson, P., & Lincoln, S. (2008). On the web journals as digital rooms?: young adults, identification and individual area. Young, 16, 27-46.
Online World Stats (2009). Online use in European Union Table of internet surfers in eu, March 31, 2009. Retrieved might 26, 2009, from http: //www. Internetworldstats.com/stats9. Htm
Knox, D., Daniels, V., Sturdivant, L., & Zusman, M. (2001). University student utilization of the online for mate selection. University Student Journal, 35, 158-160.
Korbin, J. E (2003). Young ones, childhoods, and physical violence. Yearly Reviews of Anthropology, 32, 431-446.
Kraut, R. E., Patterson, M., Lundmark, V., Kiesler, S., Mukhopadhyay, T., & Scherlis, W. (1998). Online paradox: A social technology that decreases social involvement and emotional wellbeing? American Psychologist, 53, 1017-1032.
Ledbetter, A. M. (2008). Media usage and closeness that is relational long-lasting friendships: Interpreting habits of multimodality. Brand Brand New Media & Community, 10, 547-565.
Lenhart, A. (2005). Protecting Teens On Line. Washington, DC: The Pew Online & American Lifestyle Venture.
Lenhart, A., & Madden, M. (2007). Teenagers, Privacy and Online social networking sites: just just exactly How Teenagers manage their on line Identities and information that is personal in the chronilogical age of MySpace. Washington, DC: The Pew Online & United States Lifestyle Venture.
Livingstone, S. (2002). Young adults and Brand New Media. London: Sage Publications.
Livingstone, S. (2003). Children’s utilization of the online: Reflections of this research agenda that is emerging. Brand Brand Brand New Media & Community, 9, 147-166.
Livingstone, S. (2008). Using opportunities that are risky youthful article marketing: teens’ usage of social network web web sites for closeness, privacy and self-expression. Brand New Media & Community, 10, 393-411.
Mesch, G.S. (2009). Personal bonds and online exposure that is pornographic adolescents. Journal of Adolescence, 32, 601-18.
Meyer, A. (2007). The rhetoric that is moral of. Childhood 14(1), 85-104.
Mitchell, K.J., Finkelhor, D., & Wolak, J. (2001). Danger factors for and impact of online intimate solicitations of youth (brief report). Journal associated with United states healthcare Association 285, 3011-3014. Doi: 10.1001/jama. 285.23.3011.
Mitchell, K.J., Finkelhor, D., & Wolak, J. (2003a). Victimization of youth on the net. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 8 (1/2), 1-39.
Mitchell, K.J., Finkelhor, D., & Wolak, J. (2003b). The visibility of youth to unwelcome material that is sexual cyberspace. A nationwide survey of danger, effect, and avoidance. Youth & Community, 34, 330-358.
Mitchell, K.J., Finkelhor, D., & Wolak, J. (2004). Victimization of youngsters on the world wide web. In J.L. Mullings, J.W. Marquart & D.J. Hartley (Eds.). The Victimization of Kids: Emerging Issues (pp. 1-39). Ny, NY: The Haworth Maltreatment & Trauma Press.
Moscardelli, D.M., & Divine, R. (2007). Adolescents’ issues for privacy while using the Web: An empirical analysis of predictors and relationships with privacy- protective behaviors. Family and customer Science Research Journal, 35(3), 232-253.
Peter, J., & Valkenburg, P. (2006a). Adolescents exposure that is intimately explicit product on the net. Correspondence Analysis, 33, 178-204.
Peter, J., & Valkenburg, P. (2006b). Analysis note: Individual distinctions in perceptions of Web interaction. European Journal of correspondence, 21, 213-226.
Peter, J., & Valkenburg, P. (2007). Whom searches for casual times on the net? A test of this payment plus the relaxation hypotheses. Brand New Media & Community, 9, 455-474.
Peter, J., & Valkenburg, P. (2008). Adolescents’ experience of intimately explicit Web product, intimate doubt, and attitudes toward uncommitted sexual exploration: can there be a https://besthookupwebsites.net/furfling-review/ hyperlink? Correspondence Analysis, 35, 579-601.
Rosen, L.D. (2006). Adolescents in MySpace: identification development, relationship and intimate predators. (Executive summary). Retrieved 17, 2008, from http: //www. Csudh.edu/psych/ december.
Smith, A. (2007). Teenagers and Online Stranger Contact. (information memo). Washington, DC: The Pew Web & United States Life Venture.
Toma, C.L., Hancock, J.T., & Ellison, N.B. (2008). Splitting reality from fiction: a study of misleading self-presentation in on line dating pages. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 34, 1023-1036.
Tynes, B.M. (2007). Web security gone crazy?: compromising the academic and mental advantages of online social surroundings. Journal of Adolescent analysis, 22, 575- 585.
Valkenburg, P., & Peter, J. (2008). Adolescents’ identity experiments on the Internet. Effects for social competence and unity that is self-concept. Correspondence Analysis, 35, 208-231.
Walsh, W.A., & Wolak, J. (2005). Nonforcible Internet-related intercourse crimes with adolescent victims: Prosecution dilemmas and results. Child Maltreatment, 10(3), 260-271.
Walther, J. B., & Parks, M. R. (2002). Cues filtered away, cues filtered in: Computer-mediated interaction and relationships. In M. L. Knapp & J. A. Daly (Eds. ), Handbook of Interpersonal Correspondence (3rd Ed.). (pp. 529-563). London: Sage Publications.
Wolak, J., Mitchell, K., & Finkelhor, D. (2002). Close on line relationships in a nationwide test of adolescents. Adolescence, 37, 441-455.
Wolak, J., Mitchell, K., & Finkelhor, D. (2007). Unwelcome and desired visibility to online pornography in a sample that is national of online users. Pediatrics, 119, 247-257.